When individuals are diagnosed with the severe aortic valve disease, it is quite hard to sort out the best options available for them. Usually, for the patient, it is a highly emotional and confusing time. In this article, we will guide prospective patients through the basic steps to get good knowledge about the best aortic valve operation and find the heart surgeon that suits them in every way.
Basically, the Aortic Stenosis indicates that the aortic valve is firmly getting calcified and rigid. In simple language, it is a condition in which the motion of aortic valves is limited and it cannot open as wide as it is supposed to. A healthy aortic valve has three fragile and extremely flexible leaflets which are known as cusps that will open and permit unlimited flow through a coarsely round cross-section with a diameter of about one inch. A critically stenotic valve only allows the flow through a pinhole. Because of this that hissing sound that doctors refer to as a “murmur” came into the picture. As the heart is continuously trying to open up the valve but in the end, the heart eventually tires out. To avoid the tiring (failure of the heart) it is necessary to undergo surgery before it gets to that point.
Aortic Insufficiency or Regurgitation is a somewhat opposite situation. In Aortic Insufficiency the valve is stretched out or frozen in an open position it loses its flexibility and unable to close when it is supposed to. That’s what it is generally termed as a leaky valve. The heart strives to maintain a forward flow as some of the oxygenated blood leaks backward because the aortic valve is unable to close. Ultimately valve enlarges and becomes weaker. In this case too, surgery is necessary before it the heart loses its strength.
Aortic valve disease can’t cure by some medical therapy as it is a mechanical problem that needs a quick mechanical solution. There are two main surgical treatments options available:
Aortic valve replacement – in this the original valve is replaced with a mechanical valve, it is a biological prosthetic valve.
Aortic valve repair – mostly applied in the case of aortic insufficiency.
Advanced minimally developing heart surgery centers can carry out these surgery through a 2″ hole on the right-hand side of the chest between the ribs. In this method, there is no need of any bone cutting and recovery and wound healing followed by this surgery is very quick, with very little pain or bleeding. Maximum patients can get back to their homes and families within two or three days.
Before undergoing surgery here are few questions to ask when seeking the right treatment and surgeon:
- The first question first, you have to ask if they perform this type of surgery.
- You don’t want to go your eyes closed with the surgery so ask them how many of these operations have they performed and what’s the outcomes?
- Professional advice is always important, Ask them what type of valve or repair do they suggest and why?
- Ask for the valve replacement surgery cost in india.
Usually the cost of aortic heart valve replacement in india is quite expensive.