Defects in Birth

Birth defects and congenital problems are very much common these days. The treatment of these problems after birth is very much difficult. Doctors and surgeons are opting for a new mode of treatment that if these problems can be treated in the fetus itself during growth in prenatal condition can have a better chances of curing the disease. Gene therapy is one of the most successful experiments and treatment that are done by the eminent doctors therefore with this method the treatment is more or less permanent. One of the most important thing about gene therapy is it is devoid of any possible side effects. Gene Therapy can also be of two types like germline therapy as well as somatic gene therapy. Each of the two methods have two different type of applications and has been very much successful. Fetal surgery is another pre-natal treatment, where the surgery occurs inside the mother’s womb in the fetus. It ensures healthy birth of the baby.

Fetal Surgery

Treatment in utero condition has become a new trend nowadays. In this method any problem the may cause a serious problem in near future after birth that gets detected is treated itself in the fetal condition. And this treatment is very much permanent. If a disease whether genetic or somatic, can be prevented in the fetal condition, the baby will grow with absolute safety from the disease. Many life threatening diseases can be prevented from the fetus also. Two types of methods are present somatic gene therapy and the germline gene therapy. Germline therapy is used to treat the diseases related to germline that is those diseases that are transmitted through generations from one generation to the other generations. It constitutes the germ cells or the cells. Other are the somatic cells. Somatic cell therapy is used to treat the abnormalities regarding the somatic cells functional in bodily growth and development. Fetal surgery in India is very much practiced that is they are quite hugely practiced by the expert pediatricians and other physicians to cure the problem. The technique is very much new, and close to late 1990’s the technique became very famous. With this doctors have the power to control the disease before the birth itself.

List of the diseases it can cure

It has wide range of disease curing capacity. Fetal surgery has proven to be very much successful in treating the following disease

  • Amniotic Problems or syndromes.
  • Neck mass
  • Lung Bronchopulmonary sequestration
  • Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS)
  • Sacrococcygealteratoma
  • Congenital high airway obstruction syndrome (CHAOS)
  • Urinary tract obstruction of the lower region (LUTO)
  • Mediastinal teratoma
  • Pulmonary agenesis
  • Spina bifida ( also called as myelomeningocele)
  • Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)
  • Intrauterine transfusion (IUT)
  • Twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAP sequence)
  • Congenital cystic adenomatoid lung malformation (CCAM)

Treatment in India

Fetal surgery in India is a very common affair seen in many hospital with a very good success rate due to the advance facility and expert doctors. Little souls are being cured before their birth therefore having a less problematic life after their birth.


We should keep hope on the researchers as they are only one who can help us to cross any such sort of hurdles, even with diseases that are almost untreatable.


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